How to Become a Front-end Developer

Front-End Development Technologies and Tools

Front end development requires an extensive set of tools and technologies. Each of them is an integral part of modern frontend development.  Learn all these technologies to become a front-end developer. These are:

1. HTML and CSS

No frontend development is possible without HTML and CSS. These two technologies – the HyperText Markup Language and Cascading Style Sheets – serve as the foundational building blocks of web coding.

Without CSS and HTML, there is no web design, no formatted text, no media, and not even simple images. Building even the most basic websites demands a good knowledge of CSS and HTML.

Any person aiming to be a top-notch web developer needs to have a robust understanding and rigorous experience of CSS and HTML. The best thing about learning the same, however, is that these two technologies are simple to understand. Thus, a working ability in these can be built in only a few weeks.

2. Programming Languages/JavaScript

No matter what the purpose is, when it comes to web development, whether frontend or backend, code is essential.

Although there are more than a few programming languages available for backend development, there is none superior to JavaScript when frontend development is intended for the web. For frontend development intended for the mobile, we have C#, Java, and Swift.

Leveraging CSS, HTML, and JavaScript lets you develop basic, and even some advanced, web apps. Using JavaScript in basic websites built using only HTML and CSS can work wonders in terms of functionality.

JavaScript is used for anything ranging from adding maps with support for real-time updates and integration of simple games to enhancing the usability of one or many user interfaces.

P.S. – JavaScript is known as the “popular programming language of the web.” Although a web scripting language, technologies like Node.js allow developing standalone apps using JS. It is among the most popular programming languages, hence, irrespective of your career vision, learning JavaScript is profitable for any programmer, whether frontend or backend.

3. Frontend/JavaScript Frameworks

Frameworks make it easier and quicker to code. Frontend frameworks are designed specifically for client-side development. Most of the websites begin with the same set of CSS elements. Hence, frontend frameworks save you time and effort. Bootstrap is one of the most popular frontend frameworks. It helps in building websites with the mobile-first approach. Other popular frontend framework options include:

  • Angular (JS framework)
  • AngularJS (JS framework)
  • Svelte

Most frontend frameworks are, actually, JavaScript frameworks. These offer a readily available JS code structure to build the functionality upon. There are dozens of JS frameworks available for serving different purposes. Some of the most popular JS frameworks include:

  • EmberJS
  • MeteorJS
  • Vue.js

Frontend developers use JavaScript frameworks with JS libraries like Backbone.js, jQuery, and ReactJS to minimize effort and maximize productivity.

4. jQuery

jQuery is a JS library that eases event handling, and DOM tree traversal and manipulation. Almost 3/4th of the top 10 million websites leverage jQuery. It is a collection of extensions and plugins that hastens up development with JavaScript. jQuery is usually used for:

  • Automatic rearrangement and resizing of grid layouts.
  • Countdown counters.
  • Search form autocomplete.

5. CSS Preprocessors

Frontend developers leverage CSS preprocessors for speeding up CSS coding. They help in adding additional functionality to the CSS code while keeping the same easier to work with and scalable.

As the name suggests, CSS preprocessors process the CSS code prior to publishing the same to the website as well as transform the same into a cross-browser and well-formatted variant. As CSS preprocessors is an advanced frontend development concept, you need to develop a good skill set to use it.

Although there are several CSS preprocessors available, two of the leading in-demand options are LESS (LEaner Style Sheets) and SASS (Syntactically Awesome Style Sheets).